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“Dog breath” is not normal. At Fairview Animal Hospital, we are committed to preventing and treating periodontal disease. As part of your pet’s regular examination, your veterinarian will perform a comprehensive oral exam. Based on the size, age, breed, and health of your pet, the doctor will make recommendations for appropriate pet dental care and oral health at that time.
The oral and dental health of all animals, whether large or small, is critical. Studies have estimated that by 3 years of age, over 80% of dogs and cats have periodontal disease. Research has shown that bacteria from the mouth can result in disease in other organs of the body, primarily the kidneys, heart, and liver.
The earlier the better. With puppies and kittens, our doctors will be on the lookout for retained deciduous teeth and malocclusion (bad bite) problems. We will also teach you how to care for your pet’s teeth and gums at home. Annual comprehensive oral exams by our doctors are very important for early detection of periodontal disease.
Bad breath is often a first indicator of dental disease. Gently lift the lips and check for tartar, inflamed gums, or missing/broken teeth. Cats may exhibit increased drooling. Both cats and dogs can exhibit reluctance to eat or play with toys, “chattering” of the teeth when trying to eat, lethargy, bleeding gums, eroded teeth, and failing to groom (cats). Dental disease progresses in stages — if caught early, you can prevent further damage and save as many teeth as possible.
Small/toy breeds are at greater risk of periodontal disease because their teeth are often crowded together and some breeds are genetically predisposed to malocclusion (bad bite) problems. This results in an increased accumulation of plaque because the normal cleansing mechanisms are hindered.
Infected gums and teeth aren’t just a problem in the mouth — the heart, kidneys, liver, intestinal tract, and joints may also be infected. The tartar and any infected areas of the mouth contain a multitude of bacteria than can ‘seed’ to other parts of the body. With regular dental care, you can prevent some of these more serious side effects.
Our doctors will talk to you during your pet’s preventive care appointments about how to initiate a good dental care program at home. We are happy to provide brushing lessons, and we carry toothbrushes and toothpaste specifically for your pets. (NOTE: Do NOT use human toothpaste on your pet! It can be toxic to them.) Good oral home care may include tooth brushing, water additives, a prescription dental diet, chews or treats. _x000B_Your pet should receive an annual comprehensive oral exam from our doctors (a 10-minute, no cost appointment). If a dental cleaning is needed, pre-anesthesia blood work is required to make sure your pet does not have any underlying medical problems.
As mentioned above, pre-dental blood work is required. This is a check on the overall health of the pet to make sure that liver, kidneys, and blood counts are within normal ranges and to reduce any risks possible prior to the anesthesia. Many pets with bad teeth will be put on an antibiotic a few days prior to the dental to calm the infection and reduce possibility of complications. Your pet will fast the evening before for the anesthesia. While under anesthesia, a veterinary assistant continually monitors your pet’s vital signs, including his breathing, oxygen levels, blood pressure, temperature, heart rate and heart rhythm. The dental procedure is similar to a human dental cleaning – tartar removal, checking for cavities, gingival (gum) pockets, loose teeth, any growths on the gums or palate, removal of diseased teeth, and finally, polishing. The polishing is to smooth the tooth after tartar removal, as the tartar pits the tooth. A smooth tooth will not encourage tartar formation as easily as a roughened tooth.
We understand that responsible pet ownership is not inexpensive and we do what we can to help. (For example, see our page on Adult and Senior Preventive Care Plans, which cover the cost of an annual preventive oral A.T.P.) However, regardless of the cost, we will always give you our recommendation for the best possible care for your pet. If our recommendations are cost-prohibitive, we will make suggestions as to the best course of action, based on what you can afford. With good dental care, your pet can enjoy a long and healthy life.